Identifying Cultural Differences One of the first steps in working with clients is to discuss what brings a person into counseling and to identify the presenting problem. When disclosing their asexuality they face social opprobrium and pressure to partner up and have sex Cormier-Otaño forthcoming. Religious settings highlighted that only professional counsellors belonging to professional bodies offered counselling services West, 2001; Rye et al, 2000 and Thorne, 1991. You can start by checking how you see people, using your common sense, humanity and ability to empathise. There is evidence that women raise bullying and harassment issues more readily then do men, who could feel a threat to their masculinity and rationalise what is happening to them away by behaving in a macho way. I feel the reason we, as a society, feel the need to categorize people is because we want to set an order to the world around us. These are just a few of the issues that as counsellors we will meet with in our daily practise, all are a learning process and give us an insight and knowledge that can only better our therapeutic process, personal learning and improve our practice.
This distinctness can create a potentially complex situation for both the client and counselor who may differ substantially in their own cultural values. As contemporary society changes economically, politically and culturally, however, counselling faces multiple new challenges in addressing diversity and difference. For example, in the arts world, an organisation that reflects the communities in which is operates is more attractive to visitors and quality applicants, hence maximising resources both human and financial , saving potential legal costs and making more money from patronage. Are we frightened of what is in that mirror? Therapists should not fall into the trap of denying the very real differences that exist between those of a diversity identity and those of the heterosexual mainstream or majority. Do they treat people fairly though. I have a high tolerance level, yet I do not accept excuses for low achievers. This requires therapists to have a wide understanding of the social context in which gender and sexual diversities are living their lives, as well as how multiple identities can interact and sometimes conflict.
Transgender individuals consist of transsexuals, individuals undergoing hormone treatment, and others who elect surgery Sue and Sue, 2003. Line managers must be given and take in the tools that will enable to recognise inappropriate behaviours and unwitting assumptions in their departments, and given and take on the responsibility to respond appropriately by confronting and resolving those issues. Having gained a sense of their own sexual identity, clients will often move to a position where the need to belong to a community then becomes more important. It is important to consider the power of the heteronormative, patriarchal and Eurocentric society in which we have evolved. We will take action to challenge inappropriate behaviour and discriminatory practice.
It is both about the politics of contemporary therapy as well as how the above issues play themselves out in the therapeutic encounter. However, diversity can also refer to other group differences, such as gender, age, religion, sexual orientation, physical ability, and socioeconomic status. Accessibility Our vision is to create an environment in which all people have equal, dignified and ease of access to our goods, services and facilities. Exploring the Relationship among Cultural Discontinuity , Psychological Distress, and Academic Outcomes with Dickson, G. Seeing differently The link between internal diversity and external communities is now well established. As a Christian counsellor we seek to bring people in to relationship with Christ and help them to find forgiveness and relief.
This book is essential reading for counsellors and psychotherapists in training and for experienced practitioners whose continuous professional development will be enhanced by re-evaluating how diversity affects their practice. Davies, D 2012 Sexual Orientation in C. Counseling is done in an informal and comfortable environment where the patient is free to discuss what bothers them. The asexual population whether in romantic relationships or not is struggling to be out and accepted: individuals not engaging in sexual activities are frequently pathologised and discriminated against. There is evidence that managing a diverse work force well can contribute to increased staff retention and productivity Ogans, 2009 p91.
As new-borns our focus or entire set of need is based on the physiological. The same is true for counselors everywhere. This is often in conflict with their need for quality time with their family, especially when children are young. They are free to express their feelings and emotions to someone they know are listening to them. That means we understand that people from different cultural, racial, and ethnic groups have different values, beliefs, and practices, and that it is important to take these differences into account when working with individuals and families. I am an English speaking Caucasian male with a very gentle spirit. In spite of having been recruited on merit and on her track record, she was repeatedly told by the chief executive that she was incapable of doing a satisfactory job of managing her people.
This book by Profesor Sue Wheeler explores in clear and balanced ways how therapists both encounter, and need to respond to, all kinds of 'differences' in clients. She is the sole author of Training Counsellors: The Assessment of Competence, the joint author with Janice Birtle of Personal Tutoring in Higher Education and with David King of Supervising Counsellors: Issues of Responsibility. This also relates within single parent, polygamous, same sex or monogamous family situations. He was clear though that he did not want his excellent management practice used as an example to the rest of the organisation, for fear he may be asked to explain and justify his actions. We have learned to be aware of how our own cultural backgrounds affect us and our work. Becoming aware In practice, working with diversity means to become aware of the diversity between ourselves, the people we work with, the organisation, and the communities.
In some ways, a counselor could almost be seen as a guide. Resources Association for Multicultural Counseling and Development Interested in knowing more? Ethical, religious, legal, socioeconomic status and cultural values all greatly affects various measures of multicultural counseling. Stereotyping can be positive and negative, however stereotyping generally results in a negative image of a group and should be avoided. In a society that embraces diversity and seeks to afford equality for all, theories of male and female identity development need revisiting. References to race, culture or disability in classical psychoanalytic literature are few. Training is essential for all wanting to work in this area. What do people from other cultures contribute when they migrate and become part of a new society.