The Revolt did not take place overnight. Social reforms by the Britishers were hated by the Indians who took it as a mark of British interference in the political affairs of India. The spark that led to a mutiny in several sepoy companies was the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February, 1857. Certain actions of the government, such as increased recruitment of Sikhs and Gurkhas, peoples considered by the Bengal sepoys to be inferior in caste to them, increased the distrust of the sepoys who thought that this was a sign of their services not being needed any more. Must Read: At Bareilly, Khan Bahadur was chosen to take command. The British leftno stone unturned to create an eternal wall between Hindus andMuslims.
These missionaries were active in schools, hospitals, prisons and market places, in the spread of Christianity. Army officials used convert ways to push theconversion, including greasing bullets with pig or cow fat andpacing a huge disparity in pay on the Hindis. There is a view that resentment was brewing since 1832 which took a shape in 1857. Political, social, economic, military and other factors contributed to the making of the Revolt of 1857. The sepoys' British officers dismissed these claims as rumours, and suggested that the sepoys make a batch of fresh cartridges, and grease these with beeswax and mutton fat.
Get 50 Sets of Study Material NowIf you are confused about what to read? The educational and programs roads, railways, telegraphs, and irrigation continued with little interruption; in fact, some were stimulated by the thought of their value for the transport of troops in a crisis. The cartridge had to be bitten off before loading it into the gun. Artisans and craftsmen were ruined by the large-scale influx of cheap British manufactured goods into India which, in turn, made their hand-made goods uneconomical to produce. The peasant and tribal revolts of which we have studied in the previous pages also clearly reveal how the British had to face the opposition of the peasants and the tribal. The annexation of Indian states was followed by large scale unemployment and economic distress as a large number of court officials and other lost their means of earning.
The first sepoy who rebelled by aiming his loaded weapon at a British officer was Mangal Pandey who was later executed. A general sense of racial superiority among the British fueled Indian anger across the country. The Revolt failed due to lack of. It was widely felt that a lack of communication with Indian opinion had helped to precipitate the crisis. The Punjab and Hyderabad were absolutely peaceful.
Hope the above answer helps you. All these made the Indians come to the conclusion that their religion was in danger and this suspicion aroused the religious and social sentiment of the Hindus against the British. The modern intelligent Indians also didn't support the cause. Nationalism began to rise 16. The government of India passed into the hands of the British Parliament and Cabinet from the East India Company. In March 1857, Mangal Pandey, a sepoy from the 34 th Infantry at Barrackur , rebelled to use these the cartridges and fired at the Sergeant Major of his regiment.
Educated Indians were denied promotions and appointments to high office. The belief that their religion was under threat, united all sections of society against a common enemy. It can be conclusively said that the discontentment, suspicion, and hatred among all sections and displacement of earlier power structures led to the great revolt of 1857. The rebellion began as a mutiny of the East IndiaCompanyÃ¢?? For their part, the British did not pay enough attention to the growing level of sepoy discontent. These uprisings intensified into terse mass wars of national freedom in 1857-58, particularly in the kingdom of Awadh which had been, in the recent past, annexed by the officers of the , and also in some areas like Jhansi and Bhojpur.
This insulted both Hindu and Muslim religious practices. There were other specific and more immediate causes for the discontent among the sepoys. Until the 1840s there had been a widespread belief amongst the Bengal sepoys in the iqbal or continued good fortune of the East India Company. On the graph of popularity, The Revolt of 1857 stands at the top because a vast variety of people from almost all classes within the nation of course in the making- perhaps a process still going on find some elements to emphasize with. He belonged to the 34 thInfantry stationed at Barrackpore. Introduction of Policy of Divide and Rule. This included an increase in the taxation on land.
Religious Causes: A major cause of the outbreak of the revolt was the fear among the people that the British government was determined to destroy their religion and convert Indians to Christianity. The order that forbade the sepoys from wearing caste and sectarian marks hurt their sentiments deeply. The sepoys rejected this, pointing out that they might very well forget and bite the cartridge, not surprising given the extensive drilling that allowed 19th century British and Indian troops to fire three to four rounds per minute. The peasants suffered due to high revenue demands and the strict revenue collection policy. Eleven of the sepoys were executed and hundreds more sentenced to hard labour. Besides, they had other grievances.
Enfield Rifles This was perhaps the immediate cause of the revolt. The revolt of 1857 was the most severe outburst of anger and discontent accumulated in the hearts of various sections of the Indian society ever since the inception of British rule in Bengal, following the Battle of Plassey in 1757 and the Battle of Buxar. Large Indian princely sta … tes like Hyderabad,Mysore, Travancore, and Kashmir did not join the mutiny which had anegative effect on the effectiveness of the effort. Encouraged by the success at Delhi, the sepoys of Lucknow, Bareilly, Kanpur, Jhansi, Central India, Bundelkhand, etc. The British started imposing their religion on the Indians by building churches and by forcing people to convert to Christianity. Military Causes Indian soldiers in the British army were looked down upon by their English officers.
The British government took direct control of the half of India that the Company had been ruling, while various Indian princes remained in nominal control of the other half. The extension of British frontiers involved their presence in strange, different lands. There were other specific and more immediate causes for the discontent among the sepoys. Alternative Titles: First War of Independence, Sepoy Mutiny Indian Mutiny, also called Sepoy Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion against British rule in India in 1857—58. To those problems may be added the growing discontent of the , many of whom had been dispossessed of their revenues or had lost lucrative positions.