This paper will focus on two main forms of memorial: abstract and representational. It would be located near the. The study will focus primarily upon the impact of form upon retrieval of memory, the impact of form upon the creation of memory, and the effectiveness of these two processes over the life cycle of memory. These quick quizzes allow me to show students that the reading they do will count on their grade. People all around the country, young or old, know of the Vietnam War. All of the names were read out loud this year for the fifth time. On July 1, 1980, Congress authorized a site of three acres in Constitution Gardens near the Lincoln Memorial.
Collective memory in the sense of the Vietnam War and the monument that accompanied it relates to the negative feelings about fighting a losing battle in a country that the United States should not have intervened in. Representational memorials tend to resemble the objects they aim to represent, while abstract memorials do not resemble any specific physical object. Photo Credit: The Design Her design was minimalist and nontraditional. The Vietnam Veteran's Memorial Fund, Inc. The memorial, if you are unfamiliar with it, is a polished black, V-shaped granite slab seemingly rising from the ground. Depicting three soldiers, the middle man clothed in the typical Marine outfit is flanked by two men wearing U.
After the memorial wall was unveiled on November 13, 1982, however, the controversy quickly subsided. Maya Lin, Vietnam Veterans Memorial, 1981—82. Regarding the Pain of Others. Revisiting the terms of this conflict not only provides insight into how and why visual art came to be so politicized in the 1980s, but also sheds light on the debates of our present historical moment, which, in many ways, parallel the debates of that period regarding the social purpose of art. These mass-media fictions enabled the very real neglect of veterans by the institutions tasked with tending to their needs.
It's also influenced later designs like the World Trade Center Memorial, which also features the names of the dead etched into black stone. Throughout her freshman and sophomore years, she watched as stonecutters added to the honor roll by etching the names of those killed in the Vietnam War. Mathias introduced legislation to authorize a site of national park land for the memorial. The names, chiseled in half-inch-high letters, promote intimacy; visitors get close to read them and are encouraged to touch and take rubbings of the names. While this essay places the primary focus upon memory as it is defined above, memorial and memorialization will also be of key concern. It is relatively easy to discuss memorialization for those directly affected by the Vietnam War, who can draw upon their own memories of the event to remember; however, it is more complicated to analyze the memorialization process for individuals unfamiliar with the event and who have no inherent memories to draw upon.
Maya Lin's Vietnam Veterans' Memorial 1980s In 1979, Congress grants a Vietnam War veterans' committee the right to build a memorial on the Mall in Washington, D. Lawrence argued that Maya Lin's memorial had the power to heal the divided nation. Almost three million Americans were sent to Vietnam to fight for an unsure cause. Students have finished reading the first eight chapters of The Things They Carried. New York: Garland Publishing, 2000.
Since its dedication in 1982, around 333 names have been added to the wall. Some argued that the memorial should rise from the ground and not sink into the earth as if it was something to be hidden. In fact, throughout the 1970s, there was little political impetus on any front to address these shortcomings. For death is in the end a personal and private matter, and the area contained within this memorial is a quiet place meant for personal reflection and private reckoning. For death is in the end a personal and private matter and the area contained within this memorial is a quiet place, meant for personal reflection and private reckoning.
Not only did the controversy quickly quiet down, but the Vietnam Veterans Memorial has since become both widely praised and wildly popular. This site was decided to be too insignificant, so instead it was decided to be placed on the Hill. Like the war itself, this memorialization was highly controversial, but the site has become the most frequently visited memorial in Washington, D. Some critics even resorted to racially insulting Lin, the daughter of Chinese immigrants. A few years later they added the Service Men Memorial and the Vietnam Women's Memorial to the selection of memorials. The Memorial is dedicated to honor the courage, sacrifice and devotion to duty and country of all who answered the call to serve during one of the most divisive wars in U. The memorial has become such a part of the national culture over these three decades that it is difficult to remember how controversial it once was.
Here is a sample paper from a that help answer the question. Efforts to extend the wall beyond its physical boundaries also demonstrate its significance. Gertrude Gerber, a volunteer at the wall, recalls one of her most unforgettable experiences. Photo Credit: Public reactions to the initial design varied greatly. Finishing the rest of the novel on their own is a totally doable task. By separating the issue of individuals serving in the military during the Vietnam era and U.
Maya Lin and other proponents of her design were furious with the addition. The Politics of Readjustment: Vietnam Veterans since the War. In the case of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, which incorporates both representational and abstract forms of memorial, the form works effectively by balancing the drawbacks of one form against the benefits of the other to achieve lasting collective memory. For students who have been to the memorial or are familiar with it, the controversy surrounding its development is still interesting to learn. Following a march by thousands of veterans through the streets of Washington, D. This aesthetic is based on the idea that a sculpture is inextricably bound up with its site, and that the artwork is a place rather than an object.