Mountain vegetation in india. The Himalayas 2019-01-27

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Mountain Vegetation

mountain vegetation in india

Other famous peaks include Karakora K2 , Kailash, Kanchenjunga, Nanga Parbat, Annapurna, and Manasklu. Royal Bengal Tiger is the most famous animal of these forests. Several endemic reptile genera occur here, including the cane turtle , lizards like , , , snakes like , , , , , and so on. Important rivers in this range are the Godavari, Krishna, and Kaveri. This pushing into the edge creates wrinkles. The Western Ghats eco-region has the largest Indian elephant population in the wild with an estimated 11,000 individuals across eight distinct populations. This range gradually slants down to a coastal plain much wider than the one in the west.

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9 Wild Animals of The Great Himalayas Ranges

mountain vegetation in india

Tropical Deciduous Forests Tropical deciduous forests are the most widespread forests of India. Apart from that, dense sandal, teak and sisoo Dalbergia sissoo forests also flourish on the wet Karnataka plateau. In 2006, India applied to the for the Western Ghats to be listed as a protected. The forested regions of Himalaya offer a large variety of birds, both resident and migratory. Some enigmatic endemic reptiles include the venomous snakes such as , , and. Phawngpui is the highest peak of Purvanchal Range situated in Manipur with an elevation of 2,157 m 7,077 ft. This range comprises of three parts The Patkai-Bum Hill, The Garo-Khasi-Jaintia Hills and Lushai Hill Mizo Hills.

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class six geography india climate vegetation wildlife

mountain vegetation in india

The massively-built animal with a drooping head are among the largest bovids with males standing about 6 feet tall at shoulder. Somasundaram, Sacon 1—2 December 2005 , 2nd National Conference of the Western Ghats Forum, Venue: State Forest Service College Coimbatore, Organized by , Anaikatty, Coimbatore — 641108, India. The Himalayan mountain range bisects India from the rest of Asia, this mountains is the primary source of mighty rivers in India. It has also been observed that the coldest periods in the South Western Ghats coincide with the wettest. The forest in the Western Ghats has been severely fragmented due to human activities, especially clear felling for tea, coffee, and teak plantations during 1860 to 1950. Other large quadrupeds indigenous to India include rhinoceroses, black bears, wolves, jackals, dholes, wild buffalo, wild hogs, and several species of apes, antelope, and deer.

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List of mountains in India

mountain vegetation in india

They flow eastward through the Deccan to the Bay of Bengal. The Himalayas The highest mountain system in the world, rises in India. The comprising 5,500 square kilometres 2,100 sq mi of the evergreen forests of and deciduous forests of in Karnataka, adjoining regions of - in Kerala and - in Tamil Nadu forms the largest contiguous protected area in the Western Ghats. The trees of tropical deciduous rainforests shed their leaves during summer. Western Ghats The Northern mountains include the Himalaya and the Karakoram mountain ranges. The tropical deciduous forests are pretty substantial, cost-effective and they demand a lot of maintenance, as they are less resistant to fire. This collision both lifts and pushes intothe other.

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The Himalayas

mountain vegetation in india

Farmers become very happy when there is good monsoon. Archived from on 29 April 2006. An additional 19 species are considered data deficient. Of the 16 endemic mammals, 13 are threatened and amongst the 32 threatened species include the , the , , and , the , and. The little creature has very long tail and fur is orange-brown to gray with no spots and stripes. Its range start from West Bengal to Tamil Nadu.

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Himalayan Tree Species

mountain vegetation in india

The Himalayan vegetation normally starts from an altitude of 1500 mtr. Due to the high winds and heavy snows on tall mountains, most mountain plants are very supple and have the ability to bend a lot before breaking, and any woody plants are stubby and low like the Krummholz mentioned earlier. The Aravali Range plays a very important role in Indian climate as it blocks wind carrying rain to reach the Thar Desert. Biomes are identified on the basis of plants. There are several species of found all along the Western Ghats. The eastern region of the Western Ghats which lie in the , receive far less rainfall of about 100 centimetres 39 in resulting in an average rainfall of 250 centimetres 98 in across regions. The Himalayan Palm Civet is distinguished from other Indian Civets by its white whiskers and by absence of any trace.

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The Himalayas

mountain vegetation in india

The trees were cut down for firewood and later the forests were destroyed by fires and cattle-grazing. But for the average expeditioner, they can usually find locals living in a nearby village who are interested in helping ferry gear to the cave. The Himalayas also plays a major role in regulating climate in northern India as it prevents cold air from entering Indian mainland in the winter season. The is Dhupgarh with an height of 1,350 m 4,429 ft in. The mountains intercept the rain-bearing westerly winds, and are consequently an area of high rainfall, particularly on their western side.

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mountain vegetation in india

Read Also: Jog Falls 2nd highest waterfall in India situated on Sharavathi River in Karnataka. And of course the higher you go, the more harsh the living conditions. Light conditions, in particular, vary in different ways. There is no complete correspondence, however, between the vertical zonality and the plain zonality because not all elements of climate change identically in the horizontal and vertical directions. Cold Weather Season or Winter Season The winter season continues from December to February in India. Pygmy hogs, bandicoot rats, and tree mice are typical of the smaller quadrupeds.


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