So simply congregation of people is not a group. After making a brief review of three different types of informal groups we must explore why the informal groups arise and why they remain in existence. They organize a seminar on Law and Order Problems in the State of Tamil Nadu. This can undermine morale, establish bad attitudes, and often result in deviant or, even violent behavior. What is the nature of groups? The bond between the members of the group is quite strong, which can be seen when one of the employees is kicked out of the job and all co-members his group goes on strike just to support him.
In this paper the difference between groups and teams. On the contrary, because of the friendship, the production employee may prefer items sold by the sales employee affecting the overall production schedule thus affecting the performance of the production team. There may be similarity on other points also: Personality, race, sex, economic position and perceived abilities. The basic distinguishing feature between the two is that formal groups are always formed with an objective, but when an informal group is created, there is no such kind of intention at all. In other words, the informal organisation makes the total system effective. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Accounting essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? You come to form some friendships and try as much as possible to avoid making enemies that could destroy your career at the firm. Cultural factors—some culture share a more collective tradition than others.
Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. With the gossip network in an informal group, information is passed very quickly. Decisions are often made collectively rather than unilaterally by one leader. They have their own unwritten rules and a code of conduct that every member implicitly accepts. A group maybe defined as a number of individuals who join together to achieve a goal.
Origin : A formal group is deliberately structured and planned to subserve organizational interest. If the informal group's norms are negative, they can negate the interests of an organisation many times the group's size. For example, if restriction of output was the norm in an autocratic management group, it must continue to be so, even though management changes have brought about a more participative administration. Supervision The Job of managing the people in the formal organisation is easy. The informal group is permanent group, members may join or leave the group with their own interest Behavior of Members Behaviour of the members of the formal group is according to rules and regulations set by the management. Formal groups A formal group is set by an official authority or leader designed to complete a specific task or purpose and is strictly regulated by the organisations rules and practices. Within the defense, three distinct divisions occur with the defensive line, linebackers and the secondary.
Inside these groups, there are formal groups that are made by the management and entrusted with tasks that are completed according to set procedure and guidelines by the members of the group. Informal groups are powerful instruments in all organizations and sometimes can make a difference between success and failure. Both these types of communication are done in the organizations, by the formal and informal groups respectively. Interaction in small group is not always governed by rules and regulations and conventions. In every organization, there are many persons who are very isolated or who prefer to be absent from work most of the times. Billund, Denmark, Lego, Lego Digital Designer 2235 Words 6 Pages Observing a group allows for one to identify the behaviors and relationships of participating members.
In such situations, managers often view them with doubt and suspicion. A group is strengthened to the extent it has clear goals and all members know what their roles are in helping to achieve them Dimock and Kass, 2008, p. The informal communication is the mode of communication that take place when colleagues interact with each other, that can be at canteen during a coffee break or while sitting in the garden area of the office. They provide psychological support to their members. Various methods are used to classify the types of groups that exist in our organizations. The informal organization can work in concurrence with the formal organizational structure, parallel with it, or against it.
For example, when others praise us, we feel we are great, if others laugh at us, we see ourselves as funny ones. Their friendship is very big and they always get together to talk not only in workplace but also outside it. Various factors lead to the emergence of leaders in such group: age, seniority, charisma, work location, technical ability, or the opportunity to move around the work area freely. These groups are known as Interest Groups and Pressure Groups. Management cannot destroy it because it has not formed that.
Mixed Groups: A mixed group may be formed by two or more people who belong to different levels of the formal organisation and in different work areas. Open communication, significant interaction, and efforts to agree on goals occur. Linebackers stop runners before they get farther down the field. Thus people join informal groups because they want to associate themselves with other people who are similar to themselves. Humans have a unique and well developed way of imparting or interchanging thoughts, opinions, or information by speech, writing, or signs. Making alliances and enemies, while integral to the informality of the organization, aren't necessarily conducive with the organization's adaptability to change. Informal groups cross organizational structure and can facilitate getting work done more quickly.
The members are bound to the group in relationships of boss and subordinates. One person may be looked at by the group as an expert on organisational matters and another as its social leader. Activities focus on efforts to understand and define their objectives, roles, and assignments. Judge and Seema Sanghi, 12th ed, Pearson education, pp338 Characteristics of Groups A. Proximity involves the physical walking distance between people performing a job. Authority in such groups is given to the person and to the position.