Four or more authors of the same work: Example 4: Changes in social regulations are likely to cause new fears among voters Carber et al. Looking up certain words within the thesaurus is not paraphrasing. Example In-Text: Paraphrasing content from first source by this author Daristotle, 2015a. In most cases, since the written word is often used in research whether online or in print the chances of you actually using audiovisual material for research may be minimal. Personal interview: Lastname, Firstname of interviewee. When omitting words from poetry quotations, use a standard three-period ellipses; however, when omitting one or more full lines of poetry, space several periods to about the length of a complete line in the poem:. Citing groups or corporate authors: Corporations, government agencies and associations can be considered the author of a source when no specific author is given.
Examples are given below note that The Message is slightly different because it has an author, not an editor. She received her PhD in English from Georgia State University in 2015. The studio name is followed by a comma and the year of release. A clear and direct voice can easily drive a point home better than the best group of sentences you can come up with. National Chocolate Lovers Association, 2007, p.
If there is no author name or date available, use a shortened version of the web page title in your parentheses, along with n. Below are some basic guidelines for incorporating quotations into your paper. Is it merely the conventional privileging of plot in mainstream cinema and television alike that is responsible for both the supersession of original-language Shakespeare and the avoidance of substitute dialogue that might itself be construed as too literary or inventive? Inquiries were made as to how it got there; I was obliged to confess, and in recompense for my cowardice and inhumanity was sent out of the house. The basic rule is that in both your References list and in-text citation you will still cite Kirkey. Just be sure you don't lose the citation page.
List your references in alphabetical order. Name of book used as first source. It looks like this: 1 Each superscript number correlates with either a footnote or an endnote. When directly quoting an author s , a the quote must be relevant to your argument, b it needs to smoothly transition between what comes first and move to what comes later, c , it must fit logically and make grammatical sense, and d it should be no longer than absolutely necessary. After each in-text citation, you must added a superscript reference number. Cartelli 29 Quotations with less then fours lines will be in the regular text of you paper, with double quotations.
Middle of a sentence: In 2009, Jones's study on the effects of dark chocolate and heart disease revealed. City of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Create a footnote or endnote. For publication outside of the U. All subsequent in-text parenthetical citations: Example: The event resulted in thousands of participants flocking to the National Mall in support of the cause Stewart et al. From its birth in the late nineteenth century, progressive education has wrestled with the conflict within industrial society between pressure to increase specialization of knowledge and of professional work upholding disciplinary standards and pressure to integrate more fully an ever-widerning number of citizens into intellectually meaningful activity within mass society promoting social equity.
City of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Publications include books, newspapers, journal articles, magazines, etc. If we include it in our citation, we can shorten it using the first keyword just be sure that your reader can still find the corresponding entry in your Works Cited page. Book with no known author: Title of Book. A comma separates each performer.
Examples: Interpreting these results, Robbins et al. Directly after the sentence in which you reference the information from the website, put in a reference to your works cited page. These are the two main types of citations; one that appears in the text of a work and one that appears at the end. Name of website owner, date of publication. Example of Reference list citation: Kirkey, S. Beginning of a sentence: Jones 2009 completed a study on the effects of dark chocolate on heart disease.
You must have an endnote for every superscript you use. In an effort to eliminate the source of the problem, some of have proposed implementing a ban 2012. Other media include Web and Radio. Place the close parenthesis directly after the date. Chicago Manual of Style format: Author's Last Name, Author's First Name.