This provoked serious opposition that took the shape of a protest against her. Meanwhile,Tughril Khan, the governor of Bengal, took advantage of the Mongol raids to declare his independence. However, she began associating with the African , provoking racial antagonism amongst the nobles and clergy, who were primarily Central Asian Turkic and already resented the rule of a female monarch. Balban was a great ruler to control Mongols attack. She made the last attempt by marrying Altunia. He functioned as an independent ruler.
Meanwhile her brother Muizuddin Bahram usurped the throne on 21st April, 1240. He succesfully repelled the attacks of mongolians and thereby safeguarding his kingdom. The early Sultans of Delhi were Turks and not Afghans or Pathans. He abandoned himself to the pursuit of personal pleasure and debauchery, to the considerable outrage of the citizenry. The deaths of these two nobles alarmed the rest of the nobility and they joined hands with the ulema the clergy in a conspiracy bid against Bahram. Qutb-ud-din was extremely generous and was known as Lakh Baksh Sultan. Next was Iltutmish's younger son, Nasir-ud-din who was appointed as the Sultan.
However, Altunia got Yakut murdered and imprisoned Razia. He ensured that the Sultanate was maintaining its control over India and gradually extended his empire covering a major part of the country. Qutbuddin became so powerful that the Khutba was read and coins struck in his name. Qutub-ud-din Aibak The first ruler of the slave dynasty was Qutub-ud-din Aibak who ruled from 1206 to 1210. He introduced Persian ceremonies and etiquettes in his court and allowed no manner of levity here.
During the reign of Bahram Shah, he earned the fief of Rewari and later on became the jagirdar of Hansi. His reign was cut short by his accidental death during a game of polo in 1210. He had brought various code of conduct in his court that involved even the manner of dressing and addressing. Balban appointed his own eldest son Muhammad in charge of Sind, Multan and Lahore; the second son Nasiruddin Bughra Khan was put in charge of Sunam and Samana. His real name was Ullukh Khan.
Thus ended the life of one of the most illustrious rulers India had ever known. Under it, the important revolt took place in Bathinda Punjab. When Tugril heard of the approach of Balban in person he fled to east but was later captured by Balban and was killed. D while playing Polo and buried at Lahore. She assumed the title of sultan and did her best to play the part of a man.
In contrast to its stark exterior, the interior of the tomb is richly decorated with ancient Hindu motifs such as the wheel, the lotus, the bell with chain and the tassel. The history of the slave dynasty begins with the rule of Qutub-ud-din Aibak. There were several small Rajput states that were constantly at war with one another. In 1210, he died due to injuries received from an accident while playing a game of in Lahore; his horse fell and he was impaled on the pommel of his saddle. The Indian slave dynasty lasted from 1206 to 1290. Altunia, governor of Bhatinda refused to accept suzerainity of Razia.
However, during the days of civil war between the successors of Iltutmush, the Chalgan started looking for their personal gains and played one prince against the other. Though he faced a little competition with Taj-ud-din, he was supported by most of the nobles. He was also known as Shams-ud-din. The position of Amir-ul-Umra was earlier held only by a Turk of highest order. So, in this situation, Baldan ruled in an autocratic manner. A Brief History of India. He ruled from 1211 to 1236.
Balban was able to put down the dreaded Mewatis with the help of this army. Gori always treated his slaves as his own children. Aibak was impressed by his sterling qualities. After the death of Iltutmish, his able daughter Raziyya attempted to serve as sultan but was defeated by opposing Turkish Slave nobles. At the end of each storey there is an enclosed space for being able to go round it. She discarded Purdah and began to adorn the attire of the male.
In this circumstances, Qutubuddin Aibak saw a dream to start independent Sultanate in India. She had received full military training and education even in her childhood. This change was due partly to the urgent need for economy and partly to the general revulsion of feeling against the excesses of the Khalji Regime. There is no doubt that by crushing their power, Balban strengthened his rule, but actually he destroyed the real power of the slave dynasty. So, this led to the beginning of revolts and as Ruknuddin went out to settle the revolts, Razia appeared in front of Jama Masjid for the support. With the monarchs consolidating their rule and stabilising the economy of their kingdom, a sound currency system was established. He had built two big mosques, the Quwwatul Islam mosque at Delhi and the Adhai Din Ka Jhopda at Ajmer.
Iltutmish accepted the invitation and defeated Aram Shah in a battle near Delhi. Qutb- ud-din Aibak was known as Lakha Bhaksh sultan for his generosity. He was considered only as de jure ruler, while Naib-e-mamlakat the regent was de facto ruler. They together were put to death by Muiz-ud-din Bahram's forces when they marched in Delhi. Iltutmish, an able ruler, consolidated the rule of the Mamluks, something Aibak was unable to achieve in the short span of four years that he ruled. Siri was constructed in order to protect the population of the suburbs of Delhi. When Aibak died in 1210, it was his slave, Iltutmish who would become the next sultan.