Keywords: Organizational policies, Promotion, Equity, Recognition, Mentoring, Retention, Performance. Increased free market competition at global level and the proliferation of technology and knowledge based industries raised the importance of human resources, and from an obscure role a century ago, human resource management rose to become the most critical function of an enterprise. They work in offices, and most work full time during regular business hours. Similar Occupations This table shows a list of occupations with job duties that are similar to those of human resources managers. Professionalisation of Human Resource Management: A professional subscribes to certain ethical standards. The advent of labor unions also established a clear pathway for the workers to claim their rights, ably supported by the labor laws enacted by various governments. The survey method was adopted for the study and a total of one hundred and seventy two 172 teachers were sampled across four 4 secondary schools in Lagos State.
The field also lacked a unifying paradigm. Article shared by The following factors are responsible for the slow growth of human resource management in India: Factors 1. This meant that a personnel department had to be established with trained staff. This study investigated the effects of compensation on organizational commitment in selected secondary schools in Nigeria. Behavioural Science Era: We have just seen that human relations era assumes that a happy worker is a productive worker.
It includes all forms of salary, wages, overtime pay, and bonuses. In the 1st world war personnel development increased due to government initiatives to encourage the best use of people. And they have to do it in writing, while speaking to large and small groups and, increasingly, through social media. In a fully integrated , the managers play a significant role in and take ownership responsibility for the recruitment process. The collected data were carefully analyzed using simple percentage supported by structural equation modelling to test the hypotheses and relationships that may exist among the variables under consideration. This meant that a personnel department had to be established with trained staff.
This led to the emergence of Personnel Management as a distinct profession. The concepts of role playing, improved training methods, supervision and group discussions came into the fray. At the same time, they must offer a work environment contusive to how this generation works. In India: Thus, human resource management in India began with industrial discipline and getting rid of troublemakers. Thus, professionalisation makes a business enterprise more efficient, dynamic and socially responsible. People — The Principal Resource: The principal resource of any organization is people and managing people is the most important and challenging aspect of an organization.
Demand for human resources professionals is, on average, higher than the national job growth average for all other professions. During the 1960s, the personnel functions got expansion beyond welfare function. In 1916 it became compulsory to have a welfare worker in explosive factories and was encouraged in munitions factories. Some managers, especially those working for organizations that have offices nationwide, must travel to visit other branches as well as to attend professional meetings or recruit employees. Managers are supposed to systematically diagnose a given situation and then find out solutions to meet the situation.
It was the Royal Commission of Labour which recommended in 1931, the appointment of labour officers to deal with the recruitment of labour and to settle their grievances. From this viewpoint, democratic leadership style of the manager is more acceptable to the subordinates and hence, more effective. Although the situation has improved over last year, 48% of employers in the country are facing hiring challenges current year as against the global average of 34%, the study said. About 1 in 3 human resources managers worked more than 40 hours per week in 2016. Industrial revolution saw mass exodus of workers to urban areas in search of jobs.
They have to be convincing, caring, and believable. The growth of personnel management education in India has contributed to professionalisation of human resource management. Their talent can be utilized not only in the company in which they are currently working but also in other companies which the employees may join in the future. Work Schedules Most human resources managers work full time during regular business hours. The name change was mainly due to the change in social and economic activities throughout history. It consists of practices that help the organization to deal effectively with its people during the various phases of the employment cycle, including pre-hire, staffing, and post-hire. Even after the progress of industry, human resource management was unheard of.
The statistical analysis was based on two hundred and thirty-seven respondents in the selected studied private universities showing that a close relationship exists between organizational culture and recruitment process, training programmes, job performance management, performance of employees, pay structure, and compensation administration. Studies have indicated specific issues that can adversely affect employee relations and ultimately lead to workplace conflict within the public university system. Organizational skills are essential for human resources managers, who must be able to prioritize tasks and manage several projects at once. As you serve the needs of top management, you also monitor their actions toward employees to be sure that policies and regulations are followed. Abdul, et al 2014 stated that incentives are indirect compensation offered by organizational which include; social security, retirement benefits, holidays, vacation etc.
The workers in the early factories faced long hours of works under extremely unhygienic conditions, and mostly lived in slums. Tens of thousands of organizations in more than 100 countries — including more than half of the Fortune 1000® — use Kronos to control labor costs, minimize compliance risk, and improve workforce productivity. The welfare workers association was formed later changed to Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development. Hence, to enhance corporate im age and achieve competitive advantage, stress management and coping strategies become imperative Monat, Lazarus 2001; Adeniji, Osibanjo 2012; Liu et al. Role conflict is a stressor that occurs as a result of multiple roles Butler, Constantine 2005.
Paradoxically, while the trend is toward lesser regulatory interference in the employee-employer relationship, the growing has resulted in a greater awareness about the need to respect cross-cultural sensitivities, and providing reasonable accommodation for people with disabilities; and much of the case laws in recent years has focused on such aspects. India,China and Greece have been the origin points of human resource management concepts. Many employers prefer to hire certified candidates, and some positions may require certification. Hierarchies have been squashed, and companies have four or five generations working side by side. Time study to analyze and measure the time taken in doing the various elements of a job and to standardize the operations of a job.