The Song had gunpowder and steel long before the Europeans, of the same time period, had written language. They went hand in hand in ancient times. But you're right, bronze was still more easy to produce and more readily available. The Mongols put and end to the Warring States period of Chinese history, mainly by killing everyone who didn't ally with them. Thus, there were Muslim Mongols in Persia and India, Christian Mongols in Russia and Eastern Europe, and Buddhist Mongols in China. Which seemed to accomplish exactly squat. He defeated insurgence, he defeated titanic armies, he once stormed the walls of a city by himself before his army could catch up.
Unless you can explain Alexander would exactly counter a large force of unarmed individuals marching into his ranks then it would still be an effective tactic. I advise you to read over them to get basic knowledge on Genghis Khan. Their armies were tactically very sound, large, well equipped and relatively skilled. Alexander the Great died from an arrow wound. Left destruction in my wake! The military assumed leadership and almost immediately began an offensive against areas where the Taliban guerrillas had encroached. Now you are blatantly being biased.
Gnghis Khan's descendents held their own territories and expanded outward against non-Mongol enemies. I find it interesting that for many the qualification for greatness is territorial acquisition. Genghis Khan came into power by defeating many armies and dynasties. The Phalanx was the main infantry in Alexander's army and he often manipulated them to trick the enemy, often with devastating effects. A wealthy nation, would be able to muster a large and very well armed army, while this doesn't necessarily mean victory over their enemies, it does provide them with a strong foundation.
The Persian army at this time were poorly equipped, they didn't have the money to afford good equipment. While it helped him maintain large borders and sustain extensive armies it wouldn't serve him in a battle against Alexander. But his legend will live forever. Genghis Khan had his own artillery as well. This was just another day at the office for Alexander. Khan was fighting against the soft underbelly of the world.
Incorrect, in fact this was typical of warfare in that period. The whole point of the bow was that you could reload and fire from a horse. China faced starvation quite often. They existed during the same time period and thus are equivalent in terms of historical accuracy. They were basically a single tribe, Mongolian army consists of several hundred tribes. To suggest Genghis had superior tactics is quite extreme.
Medieval Europe did not fare any better versus anyone. They must have been fighting weaklings in order to be able to spread that large :X Phillip provided excellent tools for his son. If it's any sort of open land the Mongols win hands down. I knew all those facts except the last one already. Heavy horse would simply tire chasing after the light horse and become a human pincushion in the process.
You don't want to be sieged against an opponent that knows how to and has superior siege equipment than you do. He was even inprisoned by the chinese as a man. Let me return to my former metaphor. Did he ever fight anybody with real substance? And range was never a tactical advantage? Also, to say that China's prowess only came from their large population and wealth would be erroneous. Alexander's horsemen would never be able to reach the Mongolian army who will just circle Alexander's army. After the Indian Mutiny, they launched a second invasion for the same reasons in the of 1878—1880, Failed again. He wouldn't pillage a town if they surrendered to him, if they didn't surrender, it pretty much means they were ready to fight and die.
Opened Greece to your East's measly embassies! The fact that Europe remained in the Dark Ages during the entirety of the Tang reign, and admired the Han empire's ingenuity in both scientific achievements and military knowledge. Let me try to answer this by taking in different perspectives into account. The fact these are the best tactics you can claim for Genghis tells the whole story. When I was putting words in your mouth? Mongol culture basically became a reflection of whatever was local. Many experts agree that they had military prowess greater than Europe in that time period.
He hired the best engineers from Asia and Europe to build him them. The mongolian army is considerred history's most perfect war machine. It's not that difficult to understand. I'll flay this Philistine Attila, keep his brutes in line. Germany could have won or at least stayed in it a lot longer if he avoided several key blunders. Their ability to grow food in some areas of China is no different then some parts of Europe. What, exactly, was their influence? I'll conjure Hell-enic Greek fire that'll set him ablaze Then conquer his pitiful cities, Hoplites in phalanx To break your ranks, reincarnate your towns as my namesake!.
I'm not sure exactly what you are talking about here. Both Alexander the Great and Gengis Khan were awesome conquerors, and Alexander the Great did some amazing things when he had inferior numbers. Unless you can explain how Alexander's army is going to reach an enemy on horseback. His army deserted him because he pushed them too far into India without an adequate supply line or army. Caravans running from Delhi to Baghdad had to hire hundreds of soldiers to protect themselves while they crossed Central Asia. They utilized proven and powerful combined arms tactics, defensive positions, and the advantage of numbers. The Heavy Cavalry Archers are the more armored equivalent of the Light Cavalry Archers.