Some of the physical and mental problem that may be present if a child is born with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome include but are not limited to Growth deficiency, undersized head, Deformities and Abnormalities in facial features, the joint in the hands and feet and learning problems. Children exposed to an average of one drink per day or more during the second or third trimester were significantly smaller in weight, length, and head circumference when compared with children who had not been exposed to alcohol. Mental problems are one of the most common affects of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. They also… 2649 Words 11 Pages be purchased for a reasonable price and consumed by the most unreasonable people. Some drugs may be therapeutic for the mother but also have the teratogenic effects to the fetus; for example, phenytoin is used in a therapy for preventing seizures. Florida State Attorney General, Web, Available from:.
Alcohol can affect a human body in many different ways. Alcohol also plays a major role in violent crimes, such as homicide, forcible rape, and robbery. In connection with their characteristic qualities such as organizational difficulties they are ordinarily unable to work normally at all. There are three major effects or hallmarks of drinking while pregnant. A committee to study drunkenness was formed in the 18th century of individuals in the British House of Commons. Words: 1809 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper : 13771608 Teratology Define the term Teratology Teratology refers to the study of abnormal fetal growth.
Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. Cervical dilation: Slowly but surely the…… Works Cited Encyclopedia Britannica. However, it can be much higher depending on the community; low socioeconomic status and race seem to be a contributing factor in those who are most at risk. In order for society to accomplish this, three things must happen: 1 Local education staff should implement the teachings of the dangers that alcohol can cause not only normal consumption but while pregnant as well. I also learned that there are many more causes than I had thought, such as vitamin deficiencies, excess hormones, hypoglycemia, fetal alcohol syndrome, and a host of others that make sense when I read them but were startling when I saw them in print. Though this limit was previously as high as. Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology, 45 1 , 73-88.
Alcohol has become an issue in the United States to many different people. These children may be antisocial and one third of children exposed to alcohol prenatally show significant aggressive behavior. Alcohol, a psychoactive drug, found within many adult beverages causes countless problems for people suffering from addiction but even more devastating are the mothers who drink when pregnant. Alcoholism is a long-term chronic disease, it is when you a mentally or physically addicted to alcohol. Teratogens Teratogens are the agents that can cause abnormities during a prenatal development. Child development stages According to theorists Piaget, Vygotsky and Erikson, there are three broad stages of childhood development these are the early childhood which is a stage between birth and eight years and the middle childhood which is between eight years and twelve years and adolescence. It is all about drinking or not drinking alcohol during pregnancy.
Causing a child to suffer from fetal alcohol syndrome is really nothing short of child abuse and it lasts for life. He recognized an increased frequency of early fetal and infant death in the infants. Since it has already been conclusively established that prenatal alcohol exposure of sufficient magnitude will result in measurable neurobehavioral deficits later in life, the authors simply examine the correlation between the amount of alcohol consumed during gestation and body measures up to the age of 14. It is one of the most frequent and important causes of mental and physical retardation in childhood today. Later a study found that more than five drinks per week could lead to a three times increased risk of stillbirth.
Neurobehavioral effects of prenatal alcohol. But there is also times when a mother knows but sill chooses to do harmful things. Outcomes for Infants Exposed in Utero to Illicit Drugs, Child Welfare. This child was born with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. Sixteen years ago when this child came to live with us I really thought I knew the answers. Alcohol is consumed for many purposes, such as celebrations, to increase romance, out of boredom, or a way to relax.
Heart defects and more B. Neurobehavioral effects of prenatal alcohol. They might have difficulties with numbers, memory, attention, judgment, and also poor impulse control. This paper serves to describe the reasons, issues, and prevention available for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. The infants may also have a weak sucking response. If the mother experiences stress during pregnancy, the fetus experiences stress, too. Anticonvulsants such as Dilantin and Valproic acid can lead to some anomalies of a fetal hydration syndrome and neural tube defects.
Therefore, many children who have suffered brain damage from prenatal exposure to damaging agents will remain undiagnosed. First trimester stress may prompt early delivery. Historical Perspective of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome It is interesting to note that concerns have surrounded the consumption of alcohol during pregnancy since biblical times. Patterns of alcoholism vary among socio-cultural groups and by age. Changing patterns of infectious disease. Babies born with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome have reported to weigh less and are shorter than normal.
I think the paper and the reference pages are great. This program reaches out to those women who had little to no prenatal care, and are not connected to community resources. The dangers of use, abuse and dependency on each of these substances have been established. This number changes drastically for women who are clearly alcoholics. Other tobacco related effects include increased risk of childhood asthma and respiratory infections. The problems associated with Fetal Alcohol Effects and Alcohol Related Birth Defects can be just as severe as those of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.