From infancy onwards, gender inequity permeated all aspects of British life. Although they were employed in fewer numbers as the Victorian era continued and employment laws changed, they could still be found in certain roles. Legal Status The legal status of a woman completely differed from a man as it completely limited her to have no personal choice in her career and lifestyle. There was no workers' compensation until late in the Victorian era, and a husband too ill or injured to work often meant an inability to pay the rent and a stay at the dreaded Victorian. After two extensions of the law in 1866 and 1869 the acts were finally repealed in 1896. Through his distinction of characters, Dickens shows his interest of profiling in his novel Great Expectations.
In private life women were subject to fathers, husbands, brothers even adult sons. Meekness and modesty were considered beautiful virtues. They never have anything to say, but they say it charmingly. Most importantly brave women campaigned for votes for women and birth control information even though many never lived to see the changes they fought for. In mental health, patients were steadily concentrated in large, highly regulated lunatic asylums outside the urban areas. You may have a friend, whose manners seem to you to combine every quality that is necessary to render them a perfect model; who unites elegant simplicity with generous frankness, and dignified address with winning condescension who, in short, is everything, in this respect, that you could wish to be yourself; but, after all, it would be unwise in you to become a servile copyist even of such manners. The , founded in 1900, supports educational bursaries and book awards to promote , but also to support knowledge of the.
If you look at her in the top page of the you will see how she changed with the years. As was and is often the case in noble families, inheritance would go to the eldest male child or next-of-kin, so many women were often left by the wayside, without money or a home. As soon as they married, however, their property and any money they owned transferred to their husband. Men were held superior in all spheres of life. These women spent most of their time attending and balls and the remaining time they would spend in knitting and horseback riding.
Algernon then reveals to Jack that he has done something similar by creating a man who lives in the country by the name of Bunbury who is in very bad health, and he must take care of him. The Blackest Streets: The Life and Death of a Victorian Slum. The former should be accompanied by one or two other married ladies, and the latter by their mother, or by a lady to represent her. The time was gone before by the Georgian period and took after by the Edwardian period. The owners of the slum housing included peers, churchmen, and investment trusts for estates of long-deceased members of the upper classes. At the close of the Victorian era, few women of this class were self-employed by being a nurse, writer etc.
These changes can be seen in the fields of education, media, economics as well as many other things. The silhouette was replaced by a trend towards ornate styles and an artificial silhouette, with the restrictiveness of women's clothing reaching its low point during the mid-century passion for narrow corseted waists and hoop skirts. Women began to wear long skirts with layers of petticoats and then crinolines, which made it both difficult for woman to dress and undress by herself and time consuming. Kent goes on to argue that not only had men failed to protect the interests of women; they were almost incapable of it. It was a man's world.
Gentlemen had to keep track of when it was proper to either smoke or have a glass of sherry in front of ladies. It is the ideal she has grown up with, and she will firmly stay true to her expectations of her potential husband. Ironically, in a society that was not open to women working outside the home, prostitution seemed to be the only profession protected by law. Nursing and women's labour in the nineteenth century: the quest for independence Routledge, 2010. Throughout the Victorian period, employment patterns evolved in response to industrial and urban factors, but occupational structures remained gendered and indeed in some ways became more distinct. These women mostly remained single all their lives as they were more in number as compared to their male counterparts. The property of a married woman went to her husband even if the marriage ended up in a.
Compared to the 20th century, there was indeed some contraction in the work open to women, as protective legislation barred their employment underground or overnight. From the extensive marriage contract process to the obvious pressure from their parents, youth hardly considered marriage lightly. Female population was larger than the males during this time leaving 4% of women unmarried and automatically considered fallen through no fault of their own. Fashions followed her example as well as Queen Victoria's wearing of mourning black later in her reign. The Prostitute's Body: Rewriting Prostitution in Victorian Britain Routledge, 2015.
Couples like Victoria and Albert, married in 1840, who had nine children in seventeen years, were from the 1870s steadily replaced, in nearly all sections of society, by those choosing to limit family size. Wherever anything of this kind exists, it requires but little sagacity to detect it; and even those who are not exactly sensible where the evil lies, are still aware that there is something which needs to be corrected. As you value your character and use fulness, be always courteous and affable. Childminding was another necessary expense for many women working in factories. This can be seen in the rigid class division of the time.