Prudence, indeed, will dictate that governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly, all experience hath shown that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. Having deprived her of this first right as a citizen, the elective franchise, thereby leaving her without representation in the halls of legislation, he has oppressed her on all sides. Oberlin College was the exception; it admitted women at its founding and granted them bachelor degrees in 1841. Resolved, that the women of this country ought to be enlightened in regard to the laws under which they live, that they may no longer publish their degradation by declaring themselves satisfied with their present position, nor their ignorance, by asserting that they have all the rights they want. Such has been the patient sufferance of the women under this government, and such is now the necessity which constrains them to demand the equal station to which they are entitled. Such has been the patient sufferance of the women under this government, and such is now the necessity which constrains them to demand the equal station to which they are entitled. He has endeavored, in every way that he could to destroy her confidence in her own powers, to lessen her self-respect, and to make her willing to lead a dependent and abject life.
To assist them in thinking about the parts, have them consult. We can only imagine their frustration! Having deprived her of this first right as a citizen, the elective franchise, thereby leaving her without representation in the halls of legislation, he has oppressed her on all sides. We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal ; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights governments are instituted, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed. After depriving her of all rights as a married woman, if single and the owner of property, he has taxed her to support a government which recognizes her only when her property can be made profitable to it. Stanton again read the Declaration of Sentiments, which was freely discussed.
We hope this Convention will be followed by a series of Conventions embracing every part of the country. The Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions was drafted by for the women's rights convention at Seneca Falls, New York in 1848. Report of the Woman's Rights Convention, Held at Seneca Falls, N. Black men could vote only if they owned sufficient property. To prove this, let facts be submitted to a candid world. He has usurped the prerogative of Jehovah himself, claiming it as his right to assign for her a sphere of action, when that belongs to her conscience and to her God. Here, too, was the first pronouncement demanding that women be given the right to vote.
This was no social event, but a gathering of female leaders who had been involved in the Quaker movement for the abolition of slavery. It is binding over all the globe, in all countries and at all times; no human laws are of any validity if contrary to this, and such of them as are valid derive all their force, and all their validity, and all their authority, mediately and immediately, from this original; therefore, Resolved, That such laws as conflict, in any way, with the true and substantial happiness of woman, are contrary to the great precept of nature and of no validity, for this is superior in obligation to any other. He has made her morally, an irresponsible being, as she can commit many crimes with impunity, provided they be done in the presence of her husband. Like other American children, I learned about American history in social studies classes throughout school, but they touched only briefly on a few details of the struggle for women's rights and equality. The history of mankind is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations on the part of man toward woman, having in direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over her. As a teacher of theology, medicine, or law, she is not known. He has made her, if married, in the eye of the law, civility dead.
He has endeavored, in every way that he could to destroy her confidence in her own powers, to lessen her self-respect, and to make her willing to lead a dependent and abject life. Now, in view of this entire disfranchisement of one-half the people of this country, their social and religious degradation,—in view of the unjust laws above mentioned, and because women do feel themselves aggrieved, oppressed, and fraudulently deprived of their most sacred rights, we insist that they have immediate admission to all the rights and privileges which belong to them as citizens of these United States. A few years later, Mott visited her cousin Katherine McClintock near Seneca Falls, New York. Doty John Jones William Burroughs Robert Smalldridge Jacob Matthews Charles L. He has denied her the facilities for obtaining a thorough education, all colleges being closed against her. Whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of those who suffer from it to refuse allegiance to it, and to insist upon the institution of a new government, laying its foundation on such principles, and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness. Resolved, that woman is man's equal, was intended to be so by the Creator, and the highest good of the race demands that she should be recognized as such.
A proposition was made to have it re-read by paragraph, and after much consideration, some changes were suggested and adopted. Have another untold story that you want to see written into history? Woodworth Joel Bunker Isaac Van Tassel E. He closes against her all the avenues to wealth and distinction which he considers most honorable to himself. Mosher Lucy Spalding Sarah Smith Eliza Martin Maria E. Resolved, That the same amount of virtue, delicacy, and refinement of behavior that is required of woman in the social state, should also be required of man, and the same transgressions should be visited with equal severity on both man and woman.
He closes against her all the avenues to wealth and distinction which he considers most honorable to himself. He has monopolized nearly all the profitable employments, and from those she is permitted to follow, she receives but a scanty remuneration. The Scottish phrenologist George Combe added preface and notes for an edition published in Edinburgh in 1847, and the American firm of Fowlers and Wells reprinted Combe's edition between 1848 and 1853. It was directly based on the Declaration of Independence—a convenient format and a bold statement on the equality of women. However, even then, evidence was required to prove wrongdoing to the court. After the Civil War in 1870 and the ratification of the Fifteenth Amendment, it was illegal to prohibit citizens of color from voting.
He has created a false public sentiment by giving to the world a different code of morals for men and women, by which moral delinquencies which exclude women from society, are not only tolerated, but deemed of little account in man. Prior to 1848, claims that women shared an equal right to the franchise arose not only in debates about their property rights but also in connection with efforts to amend the constitution and grant equal political rights to African-American men. He has withheld from her rights which are given to the most ignorant and degraded men - both natives and foreigners. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their duty to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their future security. The history of mankind is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations on the part of man toward woman, having in direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over her. The notes that he used to make his copy—minutes from the meeting that would constitute the original—are gone. But there was another reason for the excitement: During her speech, Clinton made mention of the Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments.
He has never permitted her to exercise her inalienable right to the elective franchise. Firmly relying upon the final triumph of the Right and the True, we do this day affix our signatures to this declaration. Anthony, Sojourner Truth and some other women , claiming that women should take precedence over former slaves. ©Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey. Ironically, even when women did gain the right to vote in 1920, women of color were largely precluded from voting by racist local laws until enforcement of the. His Essays on Human Rights, and Their Political Guaranties, published in 1845, is an extreme statement of inalienable individual rights, informed by phrenology and legal history and laced with sarcasm. The history of mankind is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations on the part of man toward woman, having in direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over her.
I hope that one day this foundational document will have a home on display in the Rotunda of our National Archives with the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and the Bill of Rights. Names like Mary Church Terrell, Ida B. To prove this, let facts be submitted to a candid world. Text of the Declaration When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one portion of the family of man to assume among the people of the earth a position different from that which they have hitherto occupied, but one to which the laws of nature and of nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes that impel them to such a course. The propriety of obtaining the signatures of men to the Declaration was discussed in an animated manner: a vote in favor was given; but concluding that the final decision would be the legitimate business of the next day, it was referred. The convention had been thrown into chaos that American women intended to vote, serve on committees and even speak at the convention, and in response they were shunted off to a section that was out of the view of men. Instead, women were completely dependent on men, without the proper means or resources to sustain themselves financially.