Now take a look at these: The English teachers that I like best forget to go to class. Knowing how to string these clauses together is imperative for authors who wish to write complex sentences that are grammatically correct. However, it cannot stand alone as a complete thought. Here are some additional examples of sentences with adjective clauses. These clauses are offset by commas. It contains the subject which and the verb belongs. You can use the words that or which for non-human nouns, or that or who for human nouns.
They must be joined with an independent clause to be grammatically correct. For more information on independent clauses, click. To be sure of the noun clause in a sentence, you can switch it with a single noun and the sentence will still make sense, like this: The dog can eat popcorn. Adverb Now that we've gone over adjectives and clauses, it should be pretty easy to figure out what an adjective clause is. For example, in the following sentence there is a main clause. To what degree of lateness will Jones arrive? Adjective clauses, however, are groups of words that contain a subject and a verb, and provide further description. It is an action rather than a person, place, or thing.
The subject is often a noun that is performing some action; however, this is not always true, and some subjects can be verb phrases. Once again, the adjective clause is underlined. But unlike a coordinating conjunction, a conjunctive adverb is not preceded by a comma when used to connect two independent clauses. A dependent clause is joined to an independent clause to form a complex sentence. If it's necessary - that is, if the sentence doesn't make sense without it - then you don't need to use commas. That is the house where I met her. If the adverbial clause follows the main clause in a sentence, do not place a comma between the two.
So, start with an independent clause: The dog ate. But if we eliminate the clause from the , the sentence would still express a complete thought. If the adverbial clause introduces the sentence, place a comma between it and the main clause. This is how a dependent clause differs from an. It may be quite interesting to know about, but it does not play an essential role in identifying the noun.
A brief independent clause vs. The second way to join two independent clauses together is with a semicolon. When using a semicolon, the first word of the second clause is not capitalized. Object of a Preposition Noun clauses also act as objects of. Which book I want to read next is a dependent clause. They are called relative pronouns because they relate the clause to something in the sentence.
So just what are these clauses, and how can you tell if you're using them correctly? They can make sense on their own, but, they are dependent on the rest of the sentence for context and meaning. Following are examples of clauses. A is a group of words with a subject and a verb. Again, the best way to understand this concept is by asking the appropriate questions. It is noteworthy that whom is not used much in spoken English.
However, the English relative pronoun other than what may be omitted and only implied if it plays the role of the object of the verb or object of a preposition in a restrictive clause; for example, He is the boy I saw is equivalent to He is the boy whom I saw, and I saw the boy you are talking about is equivalent to the more formal I saw the boy about whom you are talking. Apart from containing both a subject and a verb, it can also express a complete thought. They can be stated as individual sentences, yet the 'and' creates a more intimate relationship between the two. Remember, none of them can be complete sentences on their own! For example: Whichever flavor of popcorn you have Whichever pronoun + flavor subject + have verb is an that describes the popcorn. It is a complete thought and the smallest unit of grammar that is syntactically accurate. An adjectival clause usually begins with a relative pronoun, which makes the clause subordinate dependent.
This sentence contains only two words but it is still complete because it has subject and predicate Main clauses can be joined by a coordinating to form complex or compound sentences. You'll be able to tell what kind of clause something is by looking at how it functions in the sentence. Adjective questions You may also have noticed that in some of the examples above the adjective clause is set off by commas. Another type of dependent word is the. Sometimes, it is difficult to determine if an adjective clause is essential or nonessential. However, it is important to make sure that the sentence can stand on its own without the nonessential clause. Next, add some extra details—remember: we need to include another subject and verb to make a subordinate clause.