An order of anticipatory bail constitutes, so to say, an insurance against police custody following upon arrest for offence or offences in respect of which the order is issued. The considerations that should weigh before the Court for grant of bail are as follows— i The nature of accusation and the severity of punishment in case of conviction and the nature of supporting evidence; ii Reasonable apprehension of tampering of the witnesses or apprehension of threat to the complainant; and iii Prima facie satisfaction of the Court in support of the charge. The imminence of a likely arrest founded on a reasonable belief can be shown to exist even if an F. On 7th December, 2007, at about 1. The plea of learned Amicus Curiae that the conviction is based on circumstantial evidence and, therefore, the death sentence should not be awarded is clearly unsustainable.
Only then the Court, if satisfied, will grant relief under Section 438 of the Code. Accordingly, the petition was allowed and the petitioner was granted anticipatory bail subject to the conditions imposed. Thereafter, he took the car to some uninhabited place near Telav Village, beat her and forcefully raped her. In order to determine whether the accused has his roots in the community which would deter him from absconding, the Court or the police officer may further take into consideration the length of his residence at a particular place, employment and financial status, family ties, reputation in society etc. It is an order which, when a person gets arrested and he furnishes a bond in accordance with the order of anticipatory bail, he is no longer out on anticipatory bail but on regular bail. There is no question of release on bail unless a person is arrested and, therefore, it is only on arrest that the order granting anticipatory bail becomes operative.
This complaint further states that she shifted to Ahmedabad but even after coming to Ahmedabad, he started sending letters with the threat to defame her. The bail format India under Section 438 of the Code of Criminal Procedure is to be signed by the accused or the applicant of the bail. In consonance with legislative intention, the grant or refusal of anticipatory bail should necessarily depend on the facts and circumstances of each case. A belief can be said to be founded on reasonable grounds only if there is something tangible to go by on the basis of which it can be said that the applicant's apprehension that he may be arrested is genuine. Very cogent and overwhelming circumstances are necessary for an order directing the cancellation of bail already granted, which, in our opinion, were missing in the instant case. Though Section 438 of the Code gives concurrent powers to High Court and Court of Session, it is normally to be presumed that the Court of Session would be first approached for the grant of anticipatory bail unless an adequate case for not approaching the said Court has been made out.
The ad-interim order too must conform to the requirements of the section and suitable conditions should be imposed on the applicant even at that stage. Hence, this is the first petition under Section 438 Cr. In case the prayer for bail is rejected and an application for bail is filed before the District and Sessions Judge, the said Court would do well to dispose of the application as early as practicable. After completion of the investigation the accused came to be charged as aforesaid. An order of bail can be passed under section 438 1 of the Code without notice to the Public Prosecutor. Having regard to the facts of this case which have already been highlighted above, we feel that no purpose would be served in compelling the appellant to go behind bars, as an undertrial, by refusing the anticipatory bail in respect of alleged incident which is 17 years old and for which the charge is framed only in the year 2014.
Therefore, even if this Court were to frame a 'Code for the grant of anticipatory bail', which really is the business of the legislature, it can at best furnish broad guidelines and cannot compel blind adherence. On the strength of an order granting anticipatory bail, an accused against whom charge has been framed, cannot avoid appearing before the trial court. When the mother of deceased came back, her mother told her that the deceased had gone to bring fuel wood along with the accused. That the applicant is a permanent resident and there are no chances of his absconding from the course of justice. Section 438 is a procedural provision which is concerned with the personal liberty of an individual who is entitled to plead, innocence, since he is not on the date of application for exercise of power under Section 438 of the Code convicted for the offence in respect of which he seeks bail. Having said that, bail granted under s.
That the applicant is not required in any kind of investigation nor any kind of custodial interrogation is required. This line of reasoning also gets its backing from certain judgments of Supreme Court where it has been held that an order of anticipatory bail is not an order until the end of trial but is an order which can only be passed for a limited duration. The act of arrest directly affects freedom of movement of the person arrested by the police, and speaking generally, an order of bail gives back to the accused that freedom on condition that he will appear to take his trial. If it is filed at a later date, the District and Sessions Judge would make an effort to dispose it of within three days of its filing. Nonetheless, the discretion under the Section has to be exercised with due care and circumspection depending on circumstances justifying its exercise.
The normal rule should be not to limit the operation of the order in relation to a period of time. In fact in most of the cases where death sentence are awarded for rape and murder and the like, there is practically no scope for having an eye witness. However, the Supreme Court decided that notice should be issued to the public prosecutor or the Government Advocate before granting final anticipatory bail. During preliminary inquiries, the Police recorded the statements of counsellors of Jyoti Sangh who confirmed that the prosecutrix had made the statement to them regarding alleged rape by the appellant. But this need not be followed as an invariable rule. There are certain circumstances where applications for anticipatory bail are normally refused. Hence the appeals by special leave.
Therefore, law favours grant of bail as a rule, and its refusal in exceptional cases. Any other order which the court may deem fit and proper in the facts and circumstances of the case may be also passed in favor of the applicant. Direction for grant of bail to person apprehending arrest. It is therefore prayed that the court may direct the release the applicant on bail in the interest of justice. That the applicant shall not leave India without the previous permission of the Court.